Learn instructional design skills, models, and tools to create effective learning experiences.
The art and science of designing compelling and successful learning environments for various users and contexts is instructional design. Designing, creating, and assessing educational products and interventions requires using learning theory, instructional theory, and media design concepts by instructional designers. Health care, education, business training, non-profit organizations, and the military are just a few of the industries and areas where instructional designers operate.
However, what abilities are necessary for an instructional designer to succeed? This post will discuss several fundamental abilities instructional designers should possess and strategies for developing and enhancing them. The two main areas of our attention will be instructional design tools and software and models and ideas related to the field.
The concepts and tenets that direct the instructional design process are the model and theory of instructional design. They support instructional designers as they plan and construct learning activities and resources, devise strategies and tactics for teaching, carry out instruction, and monitor student progress. Among the most well-known and often utilized ones are:
• ADDIE: ADDIE stands for Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. It is a generic and systematic model that describes the phases of the instructional design process. It is often used as a basis for other models.
• SAM: SAM stands for Successive Approximation Model. It is an agile and iterative model that emphasizes rapid prototyping and feedback. It consists of three phases: Prepare, Design, and Develop. It is suitable for complex and dynamic projects that require flexibility.
• Bloom’s taxonomy: Bloom’s taxonomy is a classification of the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains of learning. It defines six levels of learning objectives, from lower-order to higher-order: Remember, Understand, Apply, Analyze, Evaluate, and Create. It helps instructional designers to align the learning outcomes, activities, and assessments with the appropriate level of cognitive complexity.
• Gagne’s nine events of instruction: Gagne’s nine events of instruction are a sequence of instructional events that activate the mental processes of learning. They are: Gain attention, Inform learners of the objectives, Stimulate recall of prior knowledge, Present the content, Provide learning guidance, Elicit performance, Provide feedback, Assess performance, and Enhance retention and transfer. They help instructional designers to design effective instruction that facilitates retention.
To master these and other instructional design models and theories, instructional designers must have a solid foundation in learning theory, instructional theory, and media design.
Tools and software used by instructional designers to develop, present, and assess educational materials and interventions are referred to as instructional design tools and software. They support learning outcome improvement, instruction implementation and management, and instructional designers' creation and development of instructional activities. With different characteristics, several applications and tools are available for instructional design.
Authoring tools are software applications that enable instructional designers to create interactive and multimedia learning materials, such as e-learning courses, simulations, games, quizzes, etc. Some examples of authoring tools are Adobe Captivate, Articulate Storyline, Lectora, etc.
- Articulate Storyline: A powerful and versatile authoring tool that lets you create engaging and responsive courses that work on any device. You can use features such as triggers, variables, layers, states, and animations to create custom scenarios and games.
- Adobe Captivate: A comprehensive and flexible authoring tool that lets you create immersive and adaptive courses that deliver personalized learning experiences. You can use features such as slides, objects, actions, and effects to create rich and dynamic content.
- Lectora: A user-friendly and accessible authoring tool that lets you create accessible and compliant courses that meet the standards of WCAG, Section 508, and ARIA. You can use features such as templates, buttons, text, and images to create simple and straightforward content, such as presentations, tutorials, and guides. You can also use features such as variables, conditions, and actions to create complex and interactive content, such as scenarios, games, and asses
Learning management systems allow instructional designers to administer and deliver training, including registering students, assigning courses, monitoring progress, producing reports, and more. Moodle, Blackboard, Canvas, and other platforms are a few instances of learning management systems.
- Moodle: An open-source and customizable learning management system that lets you deliver and manage your learning materials using a variety of plugins, themes, and integrations. You can create learning materials using features such as courses, activities, resources, and blocks.
- Blackboard: A robust and reliable learning management system that lets you deliver and manage your learning materials using various tools, services, and solutions. You can use features such as content, assignments, tests, and discussions to facilitate your learning materials.
- Canvas: A modern and innovative learning management system that lets you deliver and manage your learning materials using various apps, integrations, and partnerships. You can use features such as modules, pages, quizzes, and assignments to structure your learning materials.
E-learning platforms enable instructional designers to create and share learning materials and interventions such as videos, podcasts, blogs, wikis, etc. E-learning platforms include Udemy, Coursera, edX, and others.
- Coursera: A leading and reputable e-learning platform that lets you distribute and market your learning materials to millions of learners worldwide. You can use features such as courses, specializations, professional certificates, and degrees to offer your learning materials.
- Udemy: A large and diverse e-learning platform that lets you distribute and market your learning materials to a wide range of learners with different interests and needs. You can use features such as courses, lectures, quizzes, and assignments to create and sell your learning materials. You can also use features such as coupons, promotions, and affiliates to attract and retain your learners.
- edX: A nonprofit and open-source e-learning platform that lets you distribute and market your learning materials to a global community of learners and educators. You can use features such as courses, programs, micro-credentials, and degrees to create and share your learning materials. You can also use features such as discussions, teams, and wikis to collaborate and communicate with your learners.
Certopus is an all-in-one certificate management platform that allows you to design, bulk generate, mass email, verify and track certificates with ease. It enables you to create, share, and certify your learning materials using features and functionalities such as templates, widgets, certificates, and analytics. Some of the most unique and useful features of Certopus are:
- Templates: Certopus provides you with a variety of templates that you can use to create your certificates, such as education, training, certification, etc. You can choose from templates for different purposes, styles, and formats. You can also customize the templates to suit your branding, logo, and colours.
- Widgets: Certopus provides you with a range of widgets that you can use to enhance your certificates, such as QR codes, signatures, stamps, etc. You can use widgets to add security and authenticity elements to your certificates, such as verification, validation, and encryption.
- Certificates: Certopus provides a feature that allows you to create, issue, and verify certificates for your learning materials. You can use certificates to recognize and reward your learners for completing your learning materials. You can also use certificates to validate and authenticate your learning materials. Certopus uses blockchain technology to ensure the security and integrity of your certificates.
Mastering instructional design requires a solid grasp of models and theories, as well as proficiency in relevant tools and software. Whether utilizing the ADDIE model or tools like Articulate Storyline, instructional designers must blend theory with practical applications. Additionally, platforms like Certopus offer a comprehensive solution for creating, sharing, and certifying learning materials, enhancing the overall educational experience.
Why is ADDIE a good instructional design model?
ADDIE is arguably the most important instructional design model because it provides a universal framework for ID work. All instructional design models follow some variation of a three-step process that includes: SAM Model – where ADDIE is slow and steady, SAM (short for Successive Approximation Model) is “fast and furious
What skills do instructional designers need to have?
Instructional designers need to have a combination of hard skills and soft skills. They need to have learning skills, content skills, technical skills, analytical skills, creative skills, and interpersonal skills
How do LMS platforms benefit instructional designers?
An LMS is a platform for digital learning that enables organizations to efficiently manage, deliver, and track training content. Think of it as your online university, where you can upload, store, and sometimes even create online courses.
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